So what is Jenkins CI (Continuous Integration)? Jenkins is a tool created by Kohsuke Kawaguchi
and its main purpose is as stated to create environment for continuous integration of your software.
Jenkins is a Java based tool, a web aplication to be more specific. Runs on various operating systems and can be installed in various ways, from a system service to running it into Winstone , a servlet container tool. You can use Jenkins to automate building your software, generate documentation for it, run unit/integration/acceptance tests, publish test reports in HTML/PDF format and even upload files to remote server.
While building, errors can happen so good notification support in Jenkins is here to help you get notified when that happens. There is support for email/SMS/RSS/IRC/Instant Messaging notifications. Even special devices that blink red when build fails and green when succedes.
Jenkins has good support for build automation tools like Maven and Ant.
It has embeded support for SVN and support for Git/Mercurial and others trough plugins.
On the other hand, you can test network applications using distributed builds with JMeter and try various test environments using Multi-configuration builds.
You can run parametrized builds as well run code coverage and code quality tests.
There are ton of plugins built for specific cases and usage which you can easily download and use in your builds. You can also write your own Jenkins plugin.
Now something about the book.
From the book preface:
"This book is aimed at relatively technical readers, though no prior experience with Continuous Integration is assumed. You may be new to Continuous Integration, and would like to learn about the benefits it can bring to your development team. Or, you might be using Jenkins or Hudson already, and want to discover how you can take your Continuous Integration infrastructure further.
Much of this book discusses Jenkins in the context of Java or JVM-related projects. Nevertheless, even if you are using another technology stack, this book should give you a good grounding in Continuous Integration with Jenkins. We discuss how to build projects using several non-Java technologies, including as Grails, Ruby on Rails and .NET. In addition, many topics, such as general configuration, notification, distributed builds and security are applicable no matter what language you are using."
Written in july/2011, in around 400 pages you will get hands on various parts of this powerful tool. My advice is to try and install Jenkins on your system and install or try things mentioned in the book. Various scenarious require various hardware and software so you will not have all the possibilites to try all of them. But at least you can download the plugins and check them shortly what they do. Some plugins are obsolete but I made a list of plugins I installed as test on my computer.
All in all the book gives a good grasp of all that might need you in your future project. Apart from some typos the book is a great read, and you should definitely spend some time with it. I give 4.5/5.It will be useful for year to come.
More about the chapters.
- Chapter 1: Introducing Jenkins. A short introduction what is and what it is used for. A short history how Jenkins came from Hudson. How to install and what is CI(Continuous Integration).
- Chapter 2: Your first steps with Jenkins. Covers how to make working environment for Jenkins, installing JDK, Git, Github and Maven. Your first build job and running premade tests on it. Specificaly this project https://github.com/wakaleo/game-of-life. You will use some Jenkins plugins like Cobertura. I tried it and it is buggy. I recommend using Jacoco instead. Here are the plugins used in this chapter: Git plugin, GitHub plugin, Coberturra plugin,Jacoco plugin.
- Chapter 3: Installing Jenkins. Covers how to install, possible ways how to install o different OS systems. Jenkins home directory, memory considerations, java/maven/ant options etc... Upgrading, backing up jenkins etc...
- Chapter 4: Configurin your Jenkins server. Adding JDK/Maven/Ant installations. Configuring global properties, mail server, reverse proxy etc...
- Chapter 5: Setting up your build jobs. Covers types of builds, like free style job or mave build job. How to configure source code management tools like SVN and Git trough Git/GitHub plugins. Build triggers, polling the SCM, or calling a hook script to start the build process. Build steps, post build steps, and other useful plugins. Plugins mentioned:
Gerrit Trigger plugin, Groovy, Gradle, Grails, Jython, MSBuild, Phing, Phyton, Rake, Ruby, Artifactory plugin, Nexus plugin, NUnit plugin, NAnt plugin
- Chapter 6: Automated Testing. Automatin Unit and Acceptance tests. Configuring test reports, code coverage, automated preformance testing with JMeter. Plugins mentioned: Clover, NCover, Emma, HTML Publisher plugin, JMeter plugin, Performance plugin
- Chapter 7: Securing Jenkins. Activating security. Using simple security or security with LDAP server. Then using Active Directory or Unix users and groups. Atlassian Crowd commercial tool. Authorization, who can do what with matrix based security or with project based matrix security. There is even a tool for enabling Role based security with a plugin. Auditing, keeping track of user actions. Plugins mentioned: LDAP Plugin, Active Directory plugin, Crowd plugin, Role Strategy plugin, Audit Trail plugin, Job Configuration History plugin.
- Capter 8: Notification. Email notification, claiming builds, instant messaging or IRC messaging. Desktop notifiers like Notifo, mobile/SMS notification, making noise with extreme feedback devices. Plugins mentioned: Email Extension plugin, Instant Messaging plugin, Jabber notifier plugin.
- Chapter 9: Code Quality. Code quality in your build process. Code quality tools like PMD/CPD, FindBugs, Checkstyle, CodeNarc. Reporting code quality problems with Violations plugin. Reporting with SonarQube. Plugins mentioned: Violations plugin, FindBugs, PMD/CPD, Checkstyle, JDepend, NCover, CodeNarc, Sonar Gerrit Plugin, SonarQube plugin
Coverage Complexity Scatter plugin, Static Analysis Utilities plugin, Task Scanner plugin.
- Chapter 10: Advanced builds. Parametrized builds and parametrized triggers. Multi-configuration build jobs. Parallel builds and build pipelines. Plugins mentioned: Build Promotion plugin, Maven Release Plugin, Copy Artifact plugin, promoted builds plugin, ArtifactPromotion plugin, Build Pipeline plugin, Parametrized Trigger plugin, Maven Jenkins plugin, Dependency Graph Viewer plugin, Locks and Latches plugin.
- Chapter 11: Distributed builds. Master/Slave strategies. Associating builds to slaves. Node monitoring and cloud computing. Plugins mentioned: Amazon EC2 plugin, CloudBees Docker Build and Publish plugin.
- Chapter 12: Automated Deployment and Continous delivery. Deployment script, database updates, smoke tests. Deploying Java or PHP/Ruby application. Plugins mentioned: Capitomcat plugin.
- Chapter 13: Maintaining Jenkins. Monitoring disk space and server load. Backing up configuration and Jenkins builds. Archiving and migrating build jobs. Plugins mentioned: Disk Usage plugin, Backup plugin, ThinBackup plugin, Monitoring plugin, Deploy plugin, Deploy WebSphere
- Appendix: Automating your Unit and Integration Tests. Automating your tests with Maven and Ant.